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Wednesday 09 May 2018[Seminar] The Diffuse Ionized Gas Halo of the Small Magellanic Cloud, A Survey with the Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper

Brianna Smart - University of Wisconsin-Madison

Physics 4th Floor 14:00-15:00

We present the results of an H? survey of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) using the Wisconsin H-Alpha Mapper (WHAM) as the initial component of our WHAM Magellanic System Survey (SMC/LMC/Stream). Previous surveys of the SMC have focused on the bright H II regions (supernovae remnants/ HII bubbles, etc) centered around the stellar component of the galaxy. These surveys were not sensitive to the fainter Diffuse Ionized Gas (DIG) within and surrounding the galaxy. With WHAM, we detect a halo of diffuse H? emission extending to radii well beyond the bright H II regions and comparable to extents of observed HI. Using WHAM's unprecedented sensitivity to trace diffuse emission (~ tens of mR) with a velocity resolution of 12 km/s, we have compiled the first comprehensive spatial and kinematic map of the extended H? emission. With these new data in hand, we are able to delineate the considerable warm ionized component associated with the SMC, leading to better calculations of its present-day mass and providing new constraints for dynamical evolution simulations of the Magellanic System. Similar WHAM surveys of the diffuse ionized content of the LMC and Stream are also underway.

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